a description of two benefits of receiving clinical supervision throughout your career as an addiction professional. Then explain how that supervision might change over the addiction professional’s career. Support your response using the resources and the current literature.
“Everyone is entitled to their own opinions – but not their own facts.” (Daniel Patrick Moynihan, cited in Vanity Fair, 2010, para. 2)
We form opinions – and make our judgments – based on facts we observe and values we hold. Our judgments are also influenced by the opinions of others. In the section “An Expert on Hate in America” in Chapter 6, one of the authors, Dr. Peter Faciane, renders an opinion on a non-profit civil rights organization: Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). Dr. Faciane is a leading advocate and one of the most influential voices in the field of critical thinking.
His endorsement of the civil rights organization is unqualified. It is also transparent: Dr. Faciane reveals that he is a financial supporter of the organization and has arranged speaking engagements for its founder. This is Dr. Facione’s invitation to you, the reader:
Knowing where you can learn more about the SPLC for yourself and knowing about Dr. Faciane’s endorsement and support of the Center’s work, evaluate this claim made by Dr. Faciane: “The SPLC is an expert on hate in America” (p. 124).
The endorsement of the SPLC is contained in the most current edition of the text, whose copyright date is 2016. Since that time Morris Dees, co-founder and former chief trial counsel, has been fired (Hassan, Zarick & Blinder, 2019). Previously, there has been controversy about groups and individuals that are listed by the SPLC as “hate groups” (Graham, 2016; Price, 2018). The organization, which has nearly a half-billion dollars in assets, has also been criticized for how it spends these funds (Robinson, 2019).
Conduct additional research on the SPLC. Did your opinion alter in any way? Why?
Only after you have done some responsible research should you begin to respond to the discussion prompt. The discussion is not about the SPLC; it is not about Dr. Facione. It is about what you have learned about forming opinions.
Your post must answer this question:
How do you define the term “expert”?
Answer following question of the following questions:
How important are facts in the process of forming an opinion? Explain what you believe to be the purpose or function of facts in making a judgment.
How did you respond to the self-assessment question? Since doing further research, have you re-thought the way in which you assess credibility and reliability? What is the importance of factoring the recency of a reference or opinion (i.e., how old is it?) into an assessment of credibility and reliability?
PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT A BID IF YOU DO NOT HAVE EXPERIENCE WITH GRADUATE-LEVEL WRITING. MUST FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE FOLLOWED, AND NO PLAGIARISM. USE ONLY SCHOLARLY SOURCES AND ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS FOR THE ASSIGNMENT.
The Topic of my Research Proposal Project that needs to be focused on is What can be done to help women rebuild trust after overcoming domestic violence?
Disorders and Treatment
Each disorder or injury on the topic list in Week 1 Assignment 3 involves some process of brain damage or chemical alteration. When a person is diagnosed with such a disorder, the focus is to find an effective treatment. The ideal treatment for a disorder or injury would involve a medicine that would stop or reverse the process that is causing damage or reset the chemical imbalance. In some cases, that is possible, such as when a person who has epilepsy is given a drug that stops the seizures. In other cases, such as with Alzheimer’s disease, the drug treatment involves symptom management because there is no effective way of slowing the brain damage that is occurring.
Your goal for this assignment will be to research and find at least one medicine that is used for treatment or symptom management for your selected disorder or injury. Regardless of whether your treatment is a cure or a method of symptom management, you need to determine how the medicine works. Note that you do not need to be able to describe the specific mechanisms; however, you should be able to state the process in simplistic terms. For example, you might find that the medication does not alter the process of cell damage; however, it enables the neurotransmitters in the cells that remain to be used more effectively. After establishing how the treatment works, determine how effective the treatment is and how long the treatment will last. Will the person have to take the medicine for the rest of his or her life, or is it given during a brief time period? In some cases, the timing of medication application must be considered, for example, a clot-dissolving drug given in the early stages of clot formation in an ischemic stroke is more effective and leads to a better prognosis than when the drug is given later in the process.
Neuroimaging techniques, such as PET, enable scientists to visualize and measure brain activity. Specifically, this type of scan reveals which brain areas are being used for different cognitive tasks. When the various images are pieced together, one can see the pathways for information processing. For example, if someone is processing a visual image while in a PET scanner, a scientist can see the flow of the information sent to the primary visual cortex, and then he or she can view the general pathways as the image is identified and as it moves on to higher-order processing.
Answer the following questions:
How does PET scan work? State how they are different from MRI and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Why is radioactively labeled glucose often used as a metabolic tracer? What does it mean if glucose is being absorbed or used in one area more than another?
What are neural networks, and how do neural networks relate to localized and global brain functioning? What does our knowledge of neural networks tell us about how the brain processes information? How do PET scans and fMRI allow us to see the flow of information throughout networks?
Do people only use a small percentage of their brain? Use what you know about neural networks and functional imaging scans to address this belief. Do you believe that we only use 10 percent of our brain capacity? Would someone be able to demonstrate via various cognitive tasks that no part of the brain sits in the cranium unused?
Respond to at least two of your classmates
To support your work, make sure to utilize your course and text readings. When asked, also utilize outside sources. As in all assignments, make sure to cite your sources in your work and provide references for those citations utilizing APA format.
Required (C05.1): Read the Heinz dilemma (Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development), and consider what you would do if you were in his place. Write down your answer and the reasons behind it. How would your answer fit in Kohlberg’s stages? Are there other responses that Kohlberg would consider “more moral”? If so, how do you feel about this? Do you think Kohlberg’s “Heinz dilemma” is a good measure of one’s morality? Explain.Additionally, Select ONE of the questions below to discuss.
Are people fairly accurate when making attributions about why they have experienced difficulties? What about when good things happen?
Describe and illustrate internal and external attributions. What difficulties can occur if individuals are excessively internal in their attributions? What about someone who is excessively external?
Recall a time when you or someone you know made an attributional error. What were the circumstances that led to the error and what was the impact of the error?
How does our individualistic culture tend to support correspondence bias? Explain.
Using an example to support your ideas, explain what has been called the “victim mentality” in terms of attribution.
NOTE: Make sure you answer all parts of the discussion question.
SUBMISSION – be timely in order to allow your classmates to respond.
Required. (C03.3) Explain the processes involved when drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, mescaline, or alcohol enter the brain. You may draw a diagram to amplify your explanation.Additionally, Select ONE of the questions below to discuss.
Would it be worse to have poorly functioning sensory neurons or motor neurons? Why?
Neurons communicate using electrochemical communication. What part is “electric” communication and what part is “chemical” communication? Which do you think is more important? Why?
Explain why having improper levels of neurotransmitters is not a good situation. Use a specific neurotransmitter to better explain your answer.
If you had to live life without proper levels of one of your neurotransmitters, which would you choose? What would life be like? Is there anything you could do about it?
NOTE: Make sure you answer all parts of the discussion question.
SUBMISSION – IN DISCUSSION BOARD ASSIGNED BELOW, and be timely in order to allow your classmates to respond.
Discussion 1: Systems Theory: Systems, Settings, and Sources of Influence
One of the most well-known systems theories in psychology is Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model. The model consists of several interrelated systems, beginning with the individual at the center then expanding to include the individual’s immediate family and friends (microsystem); extended family, school, and work (exosystem); and culture and society as a whole (macrosystem). This model can be used as a framework to understand human development and behavior and to design effective interventions to address many different psychological and societal issues.
Consider how this model might be applied to better understand the development and behaviors of a transgender teenager. Suppose the teenager, who now calls herself Shelly, has recently informed her parents and close friends that she would like to officially transition to being a girl. Initially she is overjoyed that her parents and close friends are supportive (microsystem). Then, after attending school for a week and going to a family reunion dressed as a girl, Shelly is met with harsh criticisms from some of her peers and teachers at school as well as her grandparents (exosystem). In fact, she overhears her parents and grandparents arguing about her transition and is immediately overcome by guilt and despair. Finally, while she is encouraged by positive media regarding a celebrity who recently transitioned, she is saddened to learn that the larger public opinion and recent government policies are discriminatory to transgendered persons (macrosystem). Therefore, due to her desire to become accepted at school, by her grandparents, and by society at large, she decides to stop her transition even though it causes her great distress to do so.
This example illustrates the complex and competing pressures among the systems of Bronfenbrenner’s model, which can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the individual at the center of the model. In this discussion, you will consider how the model applies to the competing pressures in your own life.
Read the article, General systems theory: Its past and potential. Pay particular attention to how von Bertalanffy’s general system theory originated and evolved and how the author of the article characterizes the terms, “systems,” “structures,” and “relations.”
Review pp. 514-515 of Bronfenbrenner (1977) to understand the definitions of each system within the ecological systems model.
Review Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model, located in this week’s learning resources. Focus on the meaning and interrelationships among the microsystem, exosystem, and macrosystem from a child’s perspective. Consider how these systems would be generalized to apply to an adult.
Using Bronfenbrenner’s model, identify two out of three systems (microsystem, exosystem, macrosystem) and their settings (school, work, family gatherings, neighborhood, country, etc.). Think about how demands and expectations in one setting might impact your ability to meet demands and expectations in another setting.
Post a response to the following:
Identify the two systems you chose and describe settings within each system that influence your life and behavior/activity. Then explain how demands and expectations in one setting could impact the ability to meet demands and expectations in another setting. Be specific.
Borrell-Carrie, F., Suchman, A. L., & Epstein, R. M. (2004). The biopsychosocial model 25 years later: Principles, practice, and scientific inquiry. Annals of Family Medicine, 2(6), 576–582.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513–531. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.32.7.513
Read pages 514-515.
Caws, P. (2015). General systems theory: Its past and potential. Systems Research & Behavioral Science, 32(5), 514–521. doi:10.1002/sres.2353
Davies, C., Knuiman, M., & Rosenberg, M. (2016). The art of being mentally healthy: A study to quantify the relationship between recreational arts engagement and mental well-being in the general population. BMC Public Health, 16(15), 1–10. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2672-7
Wijenberg, M. L. M., Stapert, S. Z., Kohler, S., & Bol, Y. (2016). Explaining fatigue in multiple sclerosis: Cross-validation of a biopsychosocial model. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 815–822.
Williams, J. M., McCrae, C. S., Rodrigue, J. R., & Patton, P. R. (2016). A novel application of a biopsychosocial theory in the understanding of disturbed sleep before and after kidney transplantation. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 12(2), 247–256.
Document: Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model (PDF)
Document: Psychology Theories Template (Excel Spreadsheet)
Meyer, D., Wood, S., & Stanley, B. (2013). Nurture is nature: Integrating brain development, systems theory, and attachment theory. The Family Journal, 21(2), 162–169. doi:10.1177/1066480712466808
Note: Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Final examm- Content
Select and Answer Six(6) of the following essayys
Please answer each question separately, not as one long essayy
All answers should be written fully in your own words, please do not search the internet or cite sources for this examm-, it’s meant to be based fully on your own knowledge.
1). Explain the difference between a specific and a social phobia. Give an example for each.
2). Detail the symptoms of a Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Give one (1) example.
3). Discuss the symptoms and behaviors of Narcissistic and Anti Social Personality Disorders.
4). Compare and Contrast Clinical Depression with Bi Polar disorder. Explain symptoms as well as suggested methods of treatment.
5). Discuss the symptoms and treatment methods for ADHD.
6). Define OCD, how is it considered to be both an anxiety and a personality disorder?
Course Materials: Kearney. C & Trull. T, Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach, 3rd edition. Cengage, 2018 -ISBN: 9781337273572( Mind Tap)
Referring to the resource entitled: “Serving transgender and gender nonconforming persons” what current challenges do transgender and gender non-conforming individuals face when dealing with health or human services? What are some guidelines set forth by the National Health Care for the Homeless Council (authors of this resource) that can aid health or human services providers in creating an inclusive environment for those who have transitioned their gender or are outside of the traditional genders of men and women?
You must support your response with scholarly sources in APA format. Simply stating your opinion is not enough, back up your opinion with citations. Refer to the DB Grading Rubric for more details.
Textbook or eBook:Diller, J. V. (2018). Cultural diversity: A primer for the human services (6th ed.). Cengage Learning.
Chapter 18: Working with American Male Clients
Articles, Websites, and Videos:This resource examines the specific behavioral health needs of men, why they abuse substances, and social issues they may confront during treatment.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (US). Addressing the Specific Behavioral Health Needs of Men. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2013. (Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 56.) 3, Treatment Issues for Men.
This resource examines masculinity, social support networks, and the mental health of men.
McKenzie, S. K., Collings, S., Jenkin, G., & River, J. (2018). Masculinity, Social Connectedness, and Mental Health: Men’s Diverse Patterns of Practice. American journal of men’s health, 12(5), 1247–1261. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988318772732
World Health Organization’s look at gender and the status of women’s mental health.
Gender and women’s mental health. (n.d.) SAMHSA
This resource reviews the Domestic Violence Act and major revisions since its creation in 1994.
What is the violence against women act? (n.d.). National Domestic Violence Hotline.
National Association of Social Worker’s social justice brief on social workers’ roles in responding to intimate partner violence.
Wilson, M. & Webb, R. (n.d.). Social Work’s Role in Responding to Intimate Partner Violence. National Association of Social Workers.
Myers and Fitzgerald (2011) examine types of violence against women and their implications for the workplace.
Chen, S. (2011). Diversity Management: Theoretical Perspectives and Practical Approaches. Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
This resource from the National Health Care for the Homeless Council reviews best practices for healthcare centers in caring for Transgender and Gender Non-Confirming People experiencing homelessness.
National Health Care for the Homeless Council. (2016, Sept). Serving transgender and gender nonconforming person: Establishing and improving models of care for those without homes.
Yasmeen Hamza, associate director of client services at the New York Asian Women’s Center, discusses the importance of cultural appropriate services and highlights the work the Center does for victims of domestic violence and human trafficking.
Watch VideoDomestic Violence & Human Trafficking among Asian Americans: New York Asian Women’s Center (NYAWC)Duration: 10:13
User: Asian American Mental Health – Added: 4/23/14Supplementary Materials:A 2013 National Association of Social Workers’ discussion on the feminization of poverty.
Feminization of poverty revisited. (2013, Mar 20). National Association of Social Workers.
Transgender, Gender Identity, and Gender Non-Conforming Terminology and Definitions.
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions. (2020). Human Rights Campaign.