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What is the explanatory mechanism that the authors suggest accounts for the relationship between these two variables – “stressors” (IV) and “turnout” (DV)?

Read Hassell & Settle (2017) The Differential Effects of Stress on Voter Turnout Hassell & Settle (2017) The Differential Effects of Stress on Voter Turnout – Alternative Formats
Listen to the podcast, https://soundcloud.com/user-735940457-95015381/anxiety) and answer each question please ensure you identify which question you are answering these questions
1. Consider the following hypothesis: “As stressors increase, voter turnout will decrease.”
i. What is the explanatory mechanism that the authors suggest accounts for the relationship between these two variables – “stressors” (IV) and “turnout” (DV)?
2. What is a moderating variable? Explain what the authors mean by the claim that “…differences moderate how stress affects an individual’s political behavior” on p. 534. Explain how the following intervening variables play a role in the relationship:
i. Opportunity costs
ii. resources to participate
3. Explain how the following concepts are defined and measured in the article
i. Habitual Voter
ii. Non-habitual voter
iii. Political efficacy
3. How convincing do you find the authors’ explanations and measures of the above concepts? How might you measure these variables differently? Be sure to suggest at least one alternative measure for each of the three variables.
5. In the podcast, what is the relationship between anxiety and trust in the podcast? Does anxiety have a negative or positive effect on people’s political behavior? List two positive and two negative outcomes.
6.Is stress an emotion, like anxiety is? (Could you measure stress and anxiety in the same way or in different ways?) What are some emotions that the authors mention in this podcast?
Please clearly number your responses and use the following textbooks as a reference.
The Effective Public Manager, 5th Edition
Editors: Steven Cohen, William Eimicke and Tanya Heikkila
Copyright 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISBN 978-1-118-55593-4
The Effective Local Government Manager, published by the International City-County Management Association (ICMA

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