I have started this paper, but did not get very far – I am absolutely burnt out this semester, so I am hoping to just get this done. Here are the instructor’s guidelines below. Short Paper: Description: Produce a short written paper on a material or a materials related topic including the following items: 1. The topic and why it is important to the world including its relationship to construction, manufacturing, electronics or various other materials application areas. 2. Develop the history of the subject including past and current applications3. If a device or other phenomenon describe how it operates 4. What is the current state-of-the-art in the topic area 5. What does the future hold? The length of the short paper should not be more than 10 pages. The 10 pages includes: references, figures, tables, etc. Text may be single spaced, but no smaller than 10 pt. type. If you need to you can make it double column you can – but it is discouraged.